Lesson 1, Topic 1
In Progress

1.6. Body

ryanrori January 24, 2021

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The body is usually the longest part of the research report, and it includes all of the evidence that readers need to have in order to understand the subject. This evidence includes details, data, results of tests, facts, and conclusions. j0438409

Exactly what you include in the body and how it is organised will be determined by the context in which you are writing. 

Be sure to check the specific guidelines under which you are working to see if your readers are expecting you to organise the body in a particular way.

However, bear in mind that all the techniques for clear, accurate, objective writing apply, no matter what the format chosen.

  • Conclusion

The conclusion of a research report is usually a very short section that introduces no new ideas.

You may ask, then, why include conclusions? The conclusion is important because it is your last chance to convey the significance and meaning of your research to your reader by concisely summarising your findings and generalising their importance. 

It is also a place to raise questions that remain unanswered and to discuss ambiguous data. The conclusions you draw are opinions, based on the evidence presented in the body of your report.

  • Recommendations

You may or may not need to include a section titled “Recommendations.” This section appears in a report when the results and conclusions indicate that further work needs to be done or when you have considered several ways to resolve a problem or improve a situation and want to determine which one is best. 

You should not introduce new ideas in the recommendations section, but rely on the evidence presented in the results and conclusions sections.

  • The style of the report should be concise, formal, and written in the past tense. This is the style most appropriate to written reports in any scientific or technical environment. Your sentences should present ideas in a logical sequence. Do not give instructions (e.g. write ‘A was connected to B’ rather than ‘Connect A to B’). Paragraphs should be used to introduce new topics. You are also expected to write legibly, with good grammar, and spell accurately. You should proofread reports.
  • Diagrams, charts and graphs should only be computer generated if the detail can be as complete as those drawn neatly by hand. Elaborate presentation is neither required nor encouraged, clarity in your writing and presentation is your main aim.
  • Where a report is short, it is acceptable to combine two or more sections under one heading, e.g. Results and Discussion.