Lesson 1, Topic 1
In Progress

2.10.Practical application of the four management functions

ryanrori December 31, 2020

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So, first line managers get their medium and short term plans from middle management.  This would include production targets for the day, the week, the month and so on.  The first line manager then has to plan the activities of his/her section for the day, week and month in such a way that the targets are met.

Once the manager has worked out a short term plan, he has to allocate resources so that the target is met: people to do the work, machinery, equipment and raw materials must be at the right place at the right time so that the job can be done.  This is his organising function.

As soon as the work is in progress, due to the planning and organising of the first line manager, he must control that the work is being done on time.  

If there are problems he has to adjust his plan and reorganise the resources so that the work can continue with minimum disruption.

While the work is being done, he must also lead the employees: motivate them to work smoothly together as a team, as this is the only way the work will be done on time.

If we look at the bus transport company:

  • One supervisor will be in charge of the drivers on a specific route, so if there are ten routes, there might be ten supervisors reporting to one middle manager.  Each supervisor has to ensure that he has enough drivers for the routes allocated to him, he must ensure that he has buses, he must ensure that the buses are in good working order, and so on.  If there are problems, he has to sort them out with the minimum delay so that the passengers are not inconvenienced.  His planning will be short term: daily, weekly, monthly.
  • Another supervisor will be in charge of ticket sales and he also has to plan, organise, control and lead.

There will be a supervisor in charge of the mechanics, and so on.