Lesson 1, Topic 1
In Progress

2.2. Critical thinking skills are used as strategies for planning.

ryanrori December 29, 2020

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  1. Brainstorming


  1. Private Writing – Write out what’s distracting you first (e.g., get rid of your mind’s clutter) to free yourself from writer’s block.
  2. Open Free writing – Make a list of everything you’re interested in writing about.  View it as just a draft.
  3. Focused Free writing – Take your teacher’s assignment topic – start listing, writing and describing –  TRY NOT TO STOP.
  4. Summarise
  5. Shift from journaling (Cthonian-free flowing) to summarising (Apollonian-structure)
  6. Outline – go back and outline.  Respond to the books you read.
  7. Cut, Edit, Structure
  8. Move from the Personal/Informal to the Formal/General/Academic Discourse


There is always more language – there is no reason to get blocked.

Write for 10 minutes without stopping, sum up what you have, write 5-10 more pages, list ideas.

Make a mess, then “clean it up”.  ALLOW the mess.

Move from a private audience to a public audience.

Get your ideas on to the blank page/canvas FIRST.

  • Mind-mapping  c) Spider diagram

The rules for producing Mind Maps are very simple and can be adapted to suit your personal preference.

  • Take a piece of paper and draw a rectangle in the centre of the page.

Inside the rectangle write the name of the topic that you want to mind map.

  • As each major idea or theme emerges from your brain draw a line radiating from the rectangle.
  • Write the name of the major idea above each line.
  • Don’t spend too much time writing neatly or drawing nice straight lines
    – go for SPEED not NEATNESS.
  • As each idea materialises, quickly check whether the idea is an extension of an existing idea.
    • If it is, then just continue the line.
    • If the idea is a variation of an existing idea
      then draw a branch off of the central line and label it.
  • If the idea is something totally and utterly new, then draw a brand new line from the rectangle in the centre of the page.
  • Within a short space of time your Mind Map will begin to take shape.
    Don’t be too alarmed if it looks as if a spider, with ink on its feet has crawled across the page.
  • Mind Maps are personal records of thought processes and are normally PRIVATE.
  • Once you have finished generating ideas and constructing the Mind Map you can start analysing the information shown on the mind map.

Look for linkages – pieces of information at the end of a path that can be linked together in some way. Links can be shown by labelling the common points with letters, figures or by drawing a curve between two points.

  1. Highlighting

Highlight words or phrases that might be important for your writing.