Lesson 1, Topic 1
In Progress

4.1 Conduct research and analyse and present findings.

ryanrori December 29, 2020

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A research paper presents the results of your investigations on a selected topic. Based on your own thoughts and the facts and ideas you have gathered from a variety of sources, a research paper is a creation that is uniquely yours. The experience of gathering, interpreting, and documenting information, developing and organising ideas and conclusions, and communicating them clearly will prove to be an important and satisfying part of your education.


There are many approaches to research — an essential part of every business and profession — and many ways to document findings. The library has books which will help you, and most English composition textbooks contain chapters on research techniques and style. It is important to follow consistently and accurately a recommended format that is clear and concise.

Appropriate or relevant topic and scope is identified and defined. 

You should select a topic that you care about enough to invest the necessary time and energy for thought, research and development of ideas.

Sometimes deciding exactly what you want to research can be the most difficult part of the whole research process. Most good research starts with a question or two. There are many places you can go and find ideas and questions to turn into interesting research topics. e.g.

  • Do you have a personal interest?
  • State your topic in a question. This will help you clarify your thoughts.
  • Look through some reference sources for background information.
  • Browse the shelves of the library or bookstore – Look at current magazines, newspapers, television, and other forms of media.
  • Talk to friends, classmates, facilitators and librarians.

Research techniques are applied. 

Gathering information gives the basis for providing an informed, reliable and valid answer to a given question. This information should

  • be from a range of sources
  • be relevant to the research issue
  • come from reliable sources

When using print resources we should make use of the contents page and index to locate relevant information, and when using electronic resources we can make use of the efficient mechanisms for linkages between sites.

Note-taking will be used when interviewing people, using reference books etc.