Lesson 1, Topic 1
In Progress

1.1 Unfamiliar words/signs are identified. Their meanings are correctly determined by using knowledge of syntax, word-attack skills/sign parameter/analysis skills, and contextual clues.

ryanrori December 29, 2020

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We learn to speak before we can even write. All over the world there are lots of people who cannot read or write. People express themselves through the spoken word. We learn a lot about other people, our history and different topics through the written word. Writing has overcome the problem of memory that is short lived.

“The purpose of a writer is to keep civilization from destroying itself.”

                                                                             Albert Camus

Writing permits a society to permanently record its literature, its history, its science and its technology. Writing can be seen as one of the greatest human achievements.

“ But words are things, and a small drop of ink

  falling , like dew, upon a thought, produces

  that which makes thousands,

  perhaps millions think.”

                                                                             Lord Byron

The words you use often come from your frame of reference. What people say is not always what they mean. There can be a hidden message behind the words. You can use words to express your deepest feelings. The spoken or written word can be sharper than the sword. People often encode their messages with their prejudices, their culture, the way they were brought up and their experiences. You decode your messages with your biases, your frame of reference and your level of education.

The following information was obtained from a unit standard written for the FOODBEV SETA.


In the following activity, you are going to explore :

  • use of words (unfamiliar words, complex terms, borrowed words, acronyms and neologisms)
  • and syntax (the way the words are arranged in sentences. 
  • You are also going to practise extracting (or taking out) implicit messages (or messages that are hinted at or implied by, not clearly stated) in texts.                   

Rules of syntax govern the order of words in a sentence and the part of speech that is dictated by the word’s function in the sentence, will determine the form of the word – whether it is a noun (credulity or credulousness), an adjective (credible or credulous) or an adverb (credibly or credulously).

You are not expected to name the parts of speech, but you do need to understand what syntax means and that the word changes its form, depending on what function it has in the sentence.  Different languages have different rules of syntax (order of words in the sentence).  In Afrikaans, Dutch and German, the rules of syntax put the verb or action at the end of the sentence.  In English and Xhosa, it is usually in the middle of the sentence, but if you are giving an instruction, it is usually the first word of the sentence.

How are traffic officers stereotyped?

Can you think of any other examples of  bias or stereotyping?  Think of race, culture, religion or even age and discuss these questions in the space provided in your workbooks.

Sometimes, by remaining silent, you can also be seen as supporting or not supporting an argument.  President Mbeki’s policy of “silent diplomacy” with Zimbabwe is interpreted as being supportive of President Robert Mugabe.  Can you think of another situation where silence is interpreted as support or lack of support?  Think about a situation at home or at work where this can happen. Write your thoughts down and include it in your portfolio of evidence.